MONGOLIA IS PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO CLIMATE CHANGE.
THERE HAS BEEN A 2.24C AVERAGE INCREASE IN TEMPERATURE FROM THE 1940s
..CONTRASTED TO A GLOBAL AVERAGE OF 0.8C.
Severe water shortage - decrease in river water levels, groundwater levels. 70% of the grassland in Mongolia is impacted by decertification, while the area of barren land expanded 3 times between 1992 and 2006.
Source: Relief Web
Temperatures dropped to -50C in January 2018. Harsh winters and dry summers result in deadly dzuds
- "a natural disaster phenomenon, unique to Mongolia, where summer droughts combine with harsh winters."
Source: Asia Foundation, Relief Web
Influx of Nomadic Mongolians emigrating to the capital Ulaanbaatar leads to the city overcrowded; 30x than what it was designed for. The result is one of the highest pollution rates in a city in the world.
Source: World Bank
Lack of resources (water, food) and extreme weather change is a major public health concern for Nomadic Mongolians. Ulaanbaatar Mongolians are affected by three major illnesses as a result of pollution.
Almost 50% of Mongolia’s population depend on animals for employment.
As a result of the extreme weather, more than 700,000 animals died as a result (January 2018). Dzuds have killed more than 20 million animals since the 2000s. Source: National Geographic
When moving to the city, Mongolian herders leave behind their culture & families.
About 68,000 Mongolian nomads move to Ulaanbaatar per year.
CLIMATE CHANGE IN MONGOLIA & ITS IMPACTS
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